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Canterbury Socks, Fit for a Queen!

Elizabeth Woodville & Henry IV - Canterbury Glass

King Henry IV and Queen Elizabeth Woodville, Canterbury Cathedral

Canterbury Cathedral is known as the ecclesiastical center of England and is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England.  The original cathedral was built by the order of St. Augustine beginning in 598 AD, then mostly destroyed in a fire and rebuilt in 1067. 

The most beautiful parts of the cathedral are the famous stained glass windows, created in the late 1100s and early 1200s.

Stained glass was developed in the Mediterranean during the Middle Ages. Like tinted windows on a car, the original purpose was to let in some light, but not so much light that churches got too hot. The early stained glass makers had an artistic flair, and rather than just simply installing colored glass they created designs and figures.

At Canterbury Cathedral they have more than 1,200 square meters of stained glass.  The Cathedral has eight highly trained conservators and glaziers on staff to conserve and maintain the fragile windows.

It's hard to pick a favorite window.  It's not surprising that a tribute to a woman said to be "... the most beautiful woman in the Island of Britain" would be an impressive stained glass figure.  The window showing Elizabeth Woodville certainly is spectacular.

Elizabeth was born about 1437. Her parents had scandalized the court when her father, merely a knight, had secretly married her mother, Jacquetta of Luxembourg. Jacquetta had already started tongues wagging two years earlier when at age 17 she married her first husband, the 44-year-old (and in poor health) Duke of Bedford, the brother of King Henry V. When the Duke died just two years later, the pretty 19-year-old was a very wealthy, childless widow.

Jacquetta was required to seek permission from her brother-in-law the king before remarrying – but she didn’t! She married her knight-in-shining-armor and was charged a fine for her “crime” of marring beneath her, which was easily paid. Elizabeth was the first child for the socially unequal couple, but despite her father’s low rank, her mother’s wealth and close ties to the king meant Elizabeth and all of her siblings grew up living a life of privilege.

Elizabeth married her first husband in 1452 at age 15. He was killed in battle nine years later, leaving her with two sons.

Elizabeth Woodville

Elizabeth Woodville

Meanwhile, King Edward IV became king during the War of the Roses, a tumultuous time in England.  Plans were in the works for him to strengthen his position by marrying a French princess. Instead, the king secretly married Elizabeth!   Although Elizabeth was wealthy, well educated and her mother had close ties to the previous king, by rank Elizabeth was still a commoner.  It caused a scandal when the marriage was revealed, but the people liked the idea of him marrying a commoner – and her beauty was legendary!

Elizabeth was a Queen Consort, which means she had the rank equal to the king but would not inherit the throne upon the king's death. When Edward IV died n 1483, possibly from pneumonia, their son Edward V became king and Elizabeth became Queen Dowager (today this title is affectionately known as the Queen Mum).

Her son was only 13 years old when he became king, and the Duke of Gloucester (her husband’s brother and the young king’s uncle) and Elizabeth both struggled to control the young king. The Duke gained custody of the young king and was appointed Protector of the kingdom. But Protector wasn’t good enough, the Duke wanted to be king so had young Edward declared illegitimate and the Duke crowned himself King Richard III. Young Edward and his younger brother became known to history as the Princes in the Tower when they were both imprisoned in the Tower of London, never to be heard from again. The princes were believed to have been smothered to death at the command of their uncle, and Richard III became infamous as one of history’s greatest villains.

Life was difficult for Elizabeth under King Richard III, but when Henry Tudor invaded England and defeated Richard III to become King Henry VII, life got much better for her.  Henry agreed to marry Elizabeth's daughter, Elizabeth of York.  Elizabeth had been the Queen Dowager when her son was briefly king, now with her daughter as England's new queen Elizabeth was once again the Queen Dowager.  Done with court life, Elizabeth retired to Bermondsey Abbey where she was treated to all the respect due to a queen dowager. 

Regardless of whether you were born common or royal, you will look like a queen forever immortalized in the Canterbury stained glass while wearing the ​Canterbury Socks, the newest addition to our Sock of the Month World Traveler series. The cables on the leg of the Canterbury socks were inspired by the Cathedral's cloisters built in the 15th century - and the end result is simply royal!

Happy Knitting! ... Scout

The Tiny Ouessant Sheep

The Ouessant (pronounced we-sahn) sheep is said to be the world's smallest breed of sheep.  Their homeland is the island of Ouessant, a small French island at the western end of the English Channel.  The legend is that they are the descendants of sheep left by the conquering Vikings.  Wherever they came from, the island's harsh weather and grim grazing caused them to evolve into a small, hardy sheep.

Black Ouessant Ram - ouessants-blogspot-com - Photo 911

Ouessant ram looks like a mini Big Horn Sheep.

And when I say small, I mean small.  Smaller than most dogs!  Rams stand about 19 inches tall at the shoulder and ewes are about 17 inches.  Mature weight is about 25 pounds, and lambs are typically about two pounds! It's said that lambs are so small you can fit one in your pocket.

Their small size makes them pretty much worthless for meat production.  Sure, you can eat any sheep (and the Ouessant islanders do eat them), but their daintiness makes the lamb chops so small it's hardly worth the effort.  In addition, they almost always have single births, and a commercial meat farmer wants his sheep to have twins or even triplets with each lambing.

So why bother?  For their wool!  Because of their small size they don't require much feed or space, but that little 25 pound sheep can produce a hefty three pounds of wool ... that's a lot for such a small sheep!  The wool has a long outer coat with a dense, soft undercoat. 

But their most striking feature is their color.  Most sheep breeds are primarily white, with an occasional black sheep.  But the Ouessant sheep are almost all black.  Deep, dark, gorgeous black!  This is the result of selective breeding by the islanders.

Married women traditionally wore black clothing in poor rural villages in much of Europe until the early 1900s.  Throughout the world most shepherds preferred white sheep because only white wool could be dyed using natural dyes (chemical dyes weren't invented until the mid-1800s).  Sure, the poor island women could have dyed white wool black, but why not just start with black wool to begin with!  So while most shepherds butchered black lambs before they could breed and pass on their recessive trait, the islanders kept the black sheep and allowed them to breed. 

Black Ouessant Lamb

A Ouessant sheep showing off
her fabulous coal black fleece.

Today the number of Ouessant sheep has dwindled.  Most Ouessants are kept as pets in groups of three or four sheep, not large commercial breeding flocks, and they are considered a rare breed.  But Ouessant owners insist that it is a great big pleasure raising those tiny frames!

ChiaoGoo Mini Twist Set

The folks at ChiaoGoo agree that great things come in small packages!  Their newest knitting needles, the "4" Twist Mini Set," is the tiniest interchangeable needle set available.  The versatile 4" needle tips give you the flexibility to make a 16 inch circular needle​.  And like the Ouessant islanders' selective breeding, ChiaoGoo has improved this "next generation" of needle tips with a solid (not hollow!) stainless steel needle, which makes the tips and threads stronger. 

Happy Knitting! ... Scout

Sierra Sun Hat and Mittens in Classic Elite’s Fresco

Sun motifs adorn the "Sierra Sun" hat and mitten set ...
Featuring Classic Elite's soft Fresco yarn!

Wonderfully warm and supple, the Sierra Sun Hat and Mittens have a classic southwestern style.  Three colors make this set super cute, but only two colors are knit at one time ... making it a fun and easy colorwork project. Knit a set for yourself or some one you love ... they would make an amazing gift!

Get the both patterns FREE with purchase of Fresco Yarn for a limited time!

FIBERWILD EXCLUSIVE

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Sierra Sun Hat and Mittens

by Amy Loberg

Pattern FREE with purchase of Fresco Yarn

The Sierra Sun Hat and Mittens feature easy colorwork that is perfect for those new to the technique, while still being fun for the more experienced colorwork knitter. The classic southwestern sun motifs are accented with nifty picot edges.

We love the Ozone, Tomato and Brown combination ... but with so many Fresco colors to choose from, we put together four other recommended colorway combos (see below).  Easy and fun knitting you will will treasure for years to come!

MITTENS

Finished Sizes

7" (7.5", 8") approximate circumference

Yardage

140 yards MC, 80 yards CC1 and 30 yards CC2

Materials

3 x Classic Elite Yarns Fresco - 1 skein MC, 1 skein CC1 and 1 skein CC2

Note: to make both the Hat and Mittens you will need 2 skeins of the MC and only 1 skein CC1 and 1 skein CC2

Needles

double point needles or 2 x circular needles to obtain gauge and sizes below ...

Small        Cuff: US 1 [2.50mm]   Body: US 2 [2.75mm]

Medium    Cuff: US 2.5 [3.0mm]  Body: US 3 [3.25mm]

Large        Cuff: US 3 [3.25mm]   Body: US 4 [3.50mm]

Yarn Gauge

26 sts = 4" in Stockinette on US 5

Pattern Gauge in Stranded Colorwork

32 sts = 4” on US 2 [2.75mm]

30 sts = 4” on US 3 [3.25mm]

28 sts = 4” on US 4 [3.50mm]

Notions

Waste yarn

Skill Level

Intermediate

HAT

Finished Sizes

21" (22") approximate circumference

Yardage

120 yards MC, 80 yards CC1 and 30 yards CC2

Materials

3 x Classic Elite Yarns Fresco - 1 skein MC, 1 skein CC1 and 1 skein CC2

Note: to make both the Hat and Mittens you will need 2 skeins of the MC and only 1 skein CC1 and 1 skein CC2

Needles

Small
16" US 2 [2.75mm] and 16" US 3 [3.25mm] circulars
and US 3 [3.25mm] double point needles

Large
16" US 3 [3.25mm] and 16" US 4 [3.50mm] circulars 
and US 4 [3.50mm] double point needles

Yarn Gauge

26 sts = 4" in Stockinette on US 5

Pattern Gauge in Stranded Colorwork

30 sts = 4” on US 3 [3.25mm]

28 sts = 4” on US 4 [3.50mm]

Notions

Skill Level

Stitch Marker

Intermediate

Sierra Sun Hat & Mittens   |   Classic Elite Yarns Fresco   |   Shown in Ozone, Tomato & Alpaca Brown

Shop Fresco 

YARN

Fresco

Classic Elite's "Fresco" is a blend of wool, baby alpaca, and angora with magnificent colors! This super soft yarn has great stitch definition as well, making it fantastic for lace, color work, or good old stockinette stitch projects!

Fiber Content

60% Wool / 30% Baby Alpaca / 10% Angora

Yardage / Weight

164 yds in 50g

Gauge

26 sts over 4" on US 5 [3.75mm]

Care Instructions

Hand Wash Cold, Dry Flat

Shop Fresco

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